Saturday, February 5, 2011

Five Process Groups in the Project Management

A process is a set of interrelated actions and activities performed to achieve a pre-specified product, result, or service. Project management is an integrative undertaking requiring each project and product process to be appropriately aligned and connected with the other processes to facilitate coordination. Actions taken during one process typically affect that process and other related processes. Project management processes ensure the effective flow of the project throughout its existence.

According to the Project Management Body of Knowledge (PMBOK® Guide), project management processes are grouped into five categories known as Project Management Process Groups (or Process Groups):
  • Initiating Process Group. Those processes performed to define a new project or a new phase of an existing project by obtaining authorization to start the project or phase.
  • Planning Process Group. Those processes required to establish the scope of the project, refine the objectives, and define the course of action required to attain the objectives that the project was undertaken to achieve.
  • Executing Process Group. Those processes performed to complete the work defined in the project management plan to satisfy the project specifications.
  • Monitoring and Controlling Process Group. Those processes required to track, review, and regulate the progress and performance of the project; identify any areas in which changes to the plan are required; and initiate the corresponding changes.
  • Closing Process Group. Those processes performed to finalize  all activities across all Process Groups to formally close the project or phase.
Project  Management Process Groups are linked by the outputs they produce. The Process Groups are seldom either discrete or one-time events; they are overlapping activities that occur throughout the project. The output of one process generally becomes an input to another process or is a deliverable of the project. The Planning Process Group provides the Executing Process Group with the project management plan and project documents, and, as the project progresses, it often entails updates to the project management plan and the project documents.

No comments: