Wednesday, January 5, 2011

Enterprise Environmental Factors

The enterprise environmental factors input shows up as an input to many of the other processes. This input refers to the factors outside the project that have (or might have) significant influence on the success of the project. According to the PMBOK® Guide, the environmental factors include the following:
  • Organizational culture, structure, and processes.The organizational cultures can influence the way to manage the project.
  • Governmental or industry standards. These include elements such as regulatory standards and regulations (for instance, doctors must be licensed to practice medicine on people or pets), quality standards (International Standards Organization standards, for example), product standards, and workmanship standards.
  • Infrastructure. This refers to the organization’s facilities and capital equipment. I’ll also include information technology in this category.
  • Human resources. This refers to the existing staff’s skills and knowledge.
  • Personnel administration. These are guidelines for hiring and firing, training, and employee performance reviews.
  • Organization’s work authorization system. This defines how the work of the project is authorized.
  • Marketplace conditions. The old supply-and-demand theory applies here along with economic and financial factors.
  • Stakeholder risk tolerances. This is the level of risk stakeholders are willing to take on
  • Political climate. This concerns both the internal and external political climate or influences on the project or organization.
  • Organization’s established communications channels. These are the mechanisms the organization uses to communicate both internally and externally
  • Commercial databases. These refer to industry-specific information, risk databases, and so on.
These factors can influence the way you manage the project and, in some cases, the outcomes of the project. For example, perhaps the folks assigned to your project are junior level and don’t have the skills, experience, or knowledge needed to complete the work of the project. It’s up to the project manager to understand the organization’s environmental factors and account for and consider how they can influence the management and outcomes of the project.

1 comment:

Larry said...

Would productivity software, such as PMIS, e.g.. MS Project, HP PM Suite, etyc, be considered an EEF, or an OPA?